Diabetes mellitus


diabetes mellitus: A metabolic disorder characterized by abnormally high blood sugar levels due to diminished production of insulin or insulin resistance/desensitization.

Endpoint definition

FinnGen phenotype data

321302 individuals

diagram downward connector

Apply sex-specific rule None


diagram downward connector

Check conditions None


diagram downward connector

Filter registries None


diagram downward connector

Check pre-conditions, main-only, mode, ICD version None


diagram downward connector

Check minimum number of events None


diagram downward connector
diagram bullet diagram downward connector

Include endpoints


diagram downward connector

Extra metadata

Level in the ICD hierarchy 2
First used in FinnGen datafreeze DF3

Similar endpoints

List of similar endpoints to Diabetes mellitus based on the number of shared cases.

Venn diagram with an highlighted set fully inside another set Broader endpoints:

Venn diagram with a set fully inside an highlighted set Narrower endpoints:

Show all endpoint correlations

Summary Statistics

Key figures

All Female Male
Number of individuals 53688 24415 29273
Unadjusted prevalence (%) 17.40 14.07 21.68
Mean age at first event (years) 54.51 52.77 55.96


Follow-up Absolute risk HR [95% CI] p N
1998–2019 0.03 2.65 [2.42, 2.91] 6.3e-95 8081
15 years 0.01 1.80 [1.66, 1.95] 9.1e-45 4070
5 years 0.00 2.69 [2.48, 2.90] <1e-100 1974
1 year 0.00 4.72 [4.16, 5.35] <1e-100 683

Age distribution of first events

Year distribution of first events

Cumulative Incidence


Index endpoint: E4_DIABETES – Diabetes mellitus
GWS hits: 103

Survival analyses between endpoints


before Diabetes mellitus
after Diabetes mellitus

loading spinner Loading survival analyses plot

Drugs most likely to be purchased after Diabetes mellitus